European Union is launching a new antitrust investigation against a big tech company. This time, it’s Amazon’s turn. The European Commission announced today that it’s opening a formal antitrust investigation into Amazon.
The investigation will look into Amazon’s potential anti-competitive tactics.
More specifically, the European Commission outlined that it will look into how Amazon uses third-party seller data and how the use of the third-party data affects competition. A preliminary fact-finding found Amazon using “competitively sensitive information” about marketplace transactions, their products, and sellers, according to the European Commission.
The commission will also look into how Amazon determines the winners of the Buy Box, which allows marketplace sellers to display their products under many products on Amazon, allowing customers to directly add certain items to their shopping carts. According to the commission, the Buy Box is key for marketplace sellers as a “vast majority” of transactions are done through it. The investigation will involve the commission looking into how the data used by Amazon affects the selection of winners of the Buy Box, and whether it affects competition.
“European consumers are increasingly shopping online. E-commerce has boosted retail competition and brought more choice and better prices. We need to ensure that large online platforms don’t eliminate these benefits through anti-competitive behaviour. I have therefore decided to take a very close look at Amazon’s business practices and its dual role as marketplace and retailer, to assess its compliance with EU competition rules.” said Margrethe Vestager, the head of the competition policy at the European Commission.
Amazon issued a statement, citing the company will fully comply with the European Commission’s investigation. “We will cooperate fully with the European Commission and continue working hard to support businesses of all sizes and help them grow,” the company said.
The EU has previously launched similar antitrust investigations against large tech companies, with Google being hit with its third antitrust fine only recently. If Amazon is found to be utilizing anti-competitive tactics here, the company will not only face large fines, it could even have to change the way its marketplace works.
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